The Azraq Castle, built of basalt rocks, in addition to having played a part in
the ancient history of the country, has also played a part in its modern history
as it has housed lawrence of Arabia in 1917 and the troops that fought in the
Great Arab Revolt.
Shaumari is the site of an ambitious reintroduction programme for some of Jordan's extinct desert fauna.
Most famous is the herd of Arabian Oryx, now numbers over150, as well as the Syrian Ass (or Onager), Gazelles and a small population of Ostrich. Shuaumari is also a good area for desert birds, including Desert Wheatear and Hoopoe Lark.
The tall trees there also attract a large variety of migrants.